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St Pierre and the Caribbean pearl

On the west coast of Martinique and bathed by the Caribbean Sea, is located the city of Saint Pierre. 

Part 1.
This week, Europcar Martinique takes you for a trip through time, because the town we suggest you visit is strongly marked by the imprint of the past.
 
It is classified "CITY OF ART AND HISTORY" and you will understand why.
 
On the west coast of Martinique and bathed by the Caribbean Sea, is located the city of Saint Pierre. It was one of the cities, if not the most famous of the West Indies. Famous for its age but famous, also by the tragedy of 1902: the eruption of Mount Pelee.Result: 30,000 deaths and the loss of a city.
 
St. Pierre was founded in 1635 by Pierre Belain Esnanbuc, Norman filibuster, (1585-1635) and uncle of the first governor of the island, Jacques Dyel Duparquet.
 
St. Pierre was the birthplace of the conquest of Martinique.
 
Nicknamed "Little Paris", "tropical Venice" or "the Pearl of the Antilles" the city of Saint Pierre, was shining with a thousand lights. His fame beyond the borders because it was famous throughout Europe and beyond. Saint Pierre was the economic and cultural capital of the West Indies.
 
She had everything. A magnificent cathedral, a famous commodity exchange, a magnificent town hall. His theater built at the end of eighteenth century the barrel modeled on the great theater of Bordeaux it had 800 seats. For the record, the theater manager had imposed on the authorities of the time and well before the abolition of slavery, the seats are the same for both blacks than for whites. They had threatened to close the theater in the first incident. It never had. Saint Pierre was also provided with a Horse car. It also was one of the first nursing insane asylums by the spa. Almost all the houses were built of stone. Many channels roamed the city in order to cool the atmosphere. An entire street was devoted to jewelers rich. It was good to walk through its public or private gardens, stopping beside its many fountains. Its botanical garden was famous for a waterfall and rare plants. St. Peter had, also, a high school, college seminar, department stores, 20 distilleries, a match factory, forges, foundries, mechanical cooperage, several public places, electricity and even the telephone.
 
Its port, the busiest in the Caribbean, traded with England, the two Americas, France, Cuba, Porto Rico, St. Domingues, all colonies, and many others. A connection between Fort de France and St. Pierre was assured by coasters transporting passengers from one city to another.
 
There was still another side of the coin because at the time, the ports are nests where hatching all diseases come from outside. This was the case for the terrible epidemic of yellow fever. St. Peter could stop this crisis thanks to the preponderance and advances in medicine, its dozen doctors, pharmacists and her 9 8 midwives. In 1837 was built the "Colonial House Health" with its techniques and pioneering hydrotherapy facilities. She could receive more than 200 patients. Even France did not have such infrastructure.


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